Why does shrink database take so long?

When shrinking a data file is taking forever then what needs to be done at this point of time? Well you need to do the following things: Rebuild Indexes of a database before performing the shrink operation. If the size of the file is too large for your environment, then try to shrink the file in small chunks.

How long should a database shrink take?

1) Shrinking data files will not lock the database but user may experience slowness. 2) It depends on your CPU and Memory, But I think it should not take more than 30 mins.

Does shrink database affect performance?

But shrinking may affect your database performance significantly, if not properly done. Shrinking will increase fragmentation and will cause any DB operation costly. Rebuild indexes is necessary after DB shrink to reduce fragmentation and increase performance.

Can I stop shrink database?

“DBCC SHRINKFILE operations can be stopped at any point in the process, and any completed work is retained.”

What does shrink database do in SQL Server?

The Shrink Database task reduces the size of SQL Server database data and log files. By using the Shrink Database task, a package can shrink files for a single database or multiple databases.

What is the difference between shrink database and shrink file?

If you shrink a database, all files associated with that database will be shrunk. If you shrink a file, then only the chosen file will be shrunk. You only need to use the Shrink Database command.

Can you shrink database while in use?

It is not possible to perform SQL Server database shrinking while a database backup process is running, and vice-versa. A database cannot be shrunk indefinitely. When the database was initially created, the minimum size of a database has been specified and shrinking a database can not make it smaller than this value.

Can we shrink Msdb?

The data and log files for the MSDB database can be resized. Like any other database, this isn’t an operation that should be needed very often. The code below would shrink the MSDB database data and log files to 256 and 64 megabytes respectively.

How do you shrink a file or database?

To shrink a data or log file

  1. In Object Explorer, connect to an instance of the SQL Server Database Engine and then expand that instance.
  2. Expand Databases and then right-click the database that you want to shrink.
  3. Point to Tasks, point to Shrink, and then click Files.
  4. Select the file type and file name.

How to shrink a database in SQL Server 2017?

Shrink a Database. This topic describes how to shrink a database by using Object in SQL Server 2017 by using SQL Server Management Studio or Transact-SQL. Shrinking data files recovers space by moving pages of data from the end of the file to unoccupied space closer to the front of the file.

Why is shrinking a database bad for performance?

One person shrinks the database to gain space (thinking it will help performance), which leads to increase in fragmentation (reducing performance). To reduce the fragmentation, one rebuilds index, which leads to the size of the database to increase way more than the original size of the database (before shrinking).

How to stop a’shrink database’from the GUI?

No way from the gui. Open a query window, find the session id that the shrink is running from and KILL it. Regarding the shrink… Shrinking causes massive fragmentation and will just result in the data file growing again next time data gets added. When that happens, the entire system will slow down as the file is expanded.

Why does DBCC shrinkdatabase slow down SQL Server?

Since the data has been re-arranged you would most likely have fragmentation on the indexes which could slow down your queries. Thanks for contributing an answer to Stack Overflow!