What is the Trans Appalachian West?

The trans-Appalachian West was a large region of the North American continent—running west from the Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi River, north to the Great Lakes, and south to the Spanish Floridas.

Why did people move to the trans Appalachian West?

First US inhabitants of the trans-Appalachia region Starting in the mid-18th century, Americans who wanted to find a better life in the wilderness traveled several main roads over the Appalachians. Southerners used either the Great Valley Road or the Richmond Road through the mountains to the Cumberland Gap.

How did the US acquire the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River?

The 1783 Treaty of Paris granted the newly formed United States of America its independence and all the territory from the Great Lakes south to the Gulf of Mexico and from the Appalachians west to the Mississippi River.

What were the causes of pan Indian resistance?

The pan-Indian military resistance movement. The Indiana territory governor , William Henry Harrison ,was obtaining treaties that took more and more land away from the Indians . British support for the Indians and the long standing disputes over neutrality in shipping rights.

What made westward migration desirable for many Americans?

The abundance of and great availability of land was probably the strongest attracting factor. For example, with the signing of the Treaty of St Mary’s in 1818, by which much of the native American population agreed to move from Central Indiana, nearly 8.5 million acres were opened to white settlement.

What states were gained in the trans-Appalachian West?

The Trans-Appalachian West

  • a) New territories – expansion of settlement.
  • i) Where: Kentucky , Tennessee , Ohio , Louisiana , Indiana , Mississippi , Illinois , Alabama , and Missouri.
  • ii) When: 1790 to 1820 per US Census figures.
  • iii) Frontierism – “a line moving steadily westward” (Fig.

Who owned Louisiana before the US?

Since 1762, Spain had owned the territory of Louisiana, which included 828,000 square miles. The territory made up all or part of fifteen modern U.S. states between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains.

What President signed the Indian Removal Act?

President Andrew Jackson
The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy.

Who led the Pan Indian Movement?

Led by Oklahoma Ponca Clyde Warrior, the NYIC became particularly involved in the 1960s in efforts to secure Northwestern tribes’ treaty-based hunting and fishing rights, and the group later aligned itself with the African-American Civil Rights movement.

Why was transportation so difficult in the Appalachian region?

The Appalachian region has always had to allocate much resources and time into transportation due to the region’s notable and unique geography. Mountainous terrain and commonly occurring adverse weather effects such as heavy fog and snowfall made roads hazardous and taxing on the traveling vehicles.

What was the area west of the Appalachian Mountains called?

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The area in United States west of the Appalachian Mountains and extending vaguely to the Mississippi River, spanning the lower Great Lakes to the upper south, is a region known as trans-Appalachia, particularly when referring to frontier times.

What was the first railroad to cross the Appalachian Mountains?

The Baltimore and Ohio was the first to cross. It was finished to Piedmont, Virginia on July 21, 1851, Fairmont on June 22, 1852, and its terminus at Wheeling on January 1, 1853. The West Virginia Central and Pittsburg Railway was a notable means of transportation throughout Appalachia.

What was the most influential form of travel in the Appalachian region?

The most influential forms of travel in the Appalachian region are based on water trading routes, roads and railroads. Native American trails were the first in Appalachia.