What is specific theory?

One type of “ready-to-wear” theories is situation-specific theories, proposed by Im and Meleis in 1999. 16. Situation-specific theories are defined as theories that focus on specific nursing phenomena, that reflect clinical practice, and that are limited to specific populations or to particular fields of practice.

What is situation relating theory?

(iii) Situation – relating theories: Inter- relationship among concept or propositions, this theories are the third level of theory and are predictive theories . Theories predict that if one factor or variable is altered there will be an change in one or more other variables.

How does situation-specific theory differ from middle range theory?

“Middle‑range theories are narrower in scope than grand theories. Situation-specific theories “focus on specific nursing phenomena that reflect clinical practice and that are limited to specific populations or to particular fields of practice” [6, p.

What is Grand nursing theory?

Grand Nursing Theories These are theories based on broad, abstract, and complex concepts. They provide the general framework for nursing ideas pertaining to components such as people and health. These theories typically stem from a nurse theorist’s own experience.

What is the specificity theory of pain?

Specificity theory is one of the first modern theories for pain. It holds that specific pain receptors transmit signals to a “pain center” in the brain that produces the perception of painVon Frey (1895) argued that the body has a separate sensory system for perceiving pain—just as it does for hearing and vision.

What is prescriptive theory?

A prescriptive theory is one that says how people or things should function, as opposed to how they actually do. See Descriptive (contrast).

What are the classification of nursing theories according to function?

There are three major categories when classifying nursing theories based on their level of abstraction: grand theory, middle-range theory, and practice-level theory.

Why are middle range theories important?

Importance of Middle Range Theory The middle range nursing theory is important for the students of nursing because it provides a middle reality view and more specifically generalized practice areas for the nurses. It also provides the nurses with concrete ideas which however are limited but very useful for them.

What is grand theory in research?

Grand theories, sometimes referred to as conceptual frameworks or conceptual models, develop overall explanations for a discipline or body of knowledge. The concepts addressed by grand theories are highly abstract and cannot easily be operationalized into variables or used in hypotheses.

What is an example of grand theory?

Grand theories, sometimes referred to as conceptual frameworks or conceptual models, develop overall explanations for a discipline or body of knowledge. Examples of grand theories of nursing include the theory of health as expanding consciousness and the self-care deficit theory.

What are the three grand theories?

Grand theories of development include psychoanalytic theory, learning theory, and cognitive theory. These theories seek to explain much of human behavior, but are often considered outdated and incomplete in the face of modern research.

Who discovered the gate theory of pain?

The Gate Theory of Pain, published by Ronald Melzack and Patrick Wall in Science in 1965, was formulated to provide a mechanism for coding the nociceptive component of cutaneous sensory input.

What are the properties of situation specific theories?

Six properties of situation-specific theories are presented: (1) low level of abstraction, (2) reflection of specific nursing phenomena, (3) context, (4) connection to research and/or practice, (5) incorporation of diversities, and (6) limits in generalization.

What are the philosophical roots of situation specific theories?

Situation-specific theories are proposed in this work as a future direction of such theoretical bases in nursing. Philosophical roots and properties of situation-specific theories are discussed, and an integrative approach to developing this type of theories is suggested.

Is there an integrative approach to the development of situation specific theories?

In this paper, some propositions for an integrative approach to the development of situation-specific theories are made. First, situation-specific theories are described as practice theories while they are compared with middle-range theories.

How are situation specific theories different from middle range theories?

Situation-specific theories are described as more concrete and less abstract and not generalizable to other situations. This is in contrast to middle range theories.