How do you cite an author that has already been cited?
Your in-text citation should include both authors: the author(s) of the original source and the author(s) of the secondary source. For example: (Habermehl, 1985, as cited in Kersten, 1987). In your reference list you should provide the details of the secondary source (the source you read).
How do you cite a previously cited page in APA?
Give the secondary source in the reference list; in text, name the original work and give a citation for the secondary source. For example, if Allport’s work is cited in Nicholson and you did not read Allport’s work, list the Nicholson reference in the reference list.
How do you in text cite the same author twice?
In the Works Cited (Per the MLA Handbook (8th edition), p. 113: To cite two or more works by the same author, give the name in the first entry only. Thereafter, in place of the name, type three hyphens, followed by a period and the title. The three hyphens stand for exactly the same name as in the preceding entry.
How do you cite a secondary source in APA?
Secondary SourcesIn the reference list, provide an entry for the secondary source that you used.In the text, identify the primary source and write as cited in the secondary source that you used.
How do you in text cite a primary source?
Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Primary Source Document: Subtitle.” Year of creation. Title of Website, Publisher of Website, Publication Date, URL.
What are some examples of a primary source?
Examples of a primary source are:Original documents such as diaries, speeches, manuscripts, letters, interviews, records, eyewitness accounts, autobiographies.Empirical scholarly works such as research articles, clinical reports, case studies, dissertations.Creative works such as poetry, music, video, photography.4 days ago
How do you cite a primary source that has been translated?
Works Cited Trans. Firstname Lastname of translator. Place of Publication of the translation: Publisher of the translation. Year of publication for the translation.
How do you cite a primary source from a website?
For primary sources published online, a citation would include: the author, document title or a description, document date, title of the website, reference URL, and date accessed. Elements of a citation are usually listed from the most specific to the most general.
What is an APA primary source?
Primary sources are original reports, findings, or works. Secondary sources are works that refer to primary sources and other secondary sources.
When you have read a secondary source rather than a primary source?
A primary source gives you direct access to the subject of your research. Secondary sources provide second-hand information and commentary from other researchers. Examples include journal articles, reviews, and academic books. A secondary source describes, interprets, or synthesizes primary sources.
Is it necessary to cite sources primary or secondary when writing a scholarly article?
Citing a source within a source (citing a secondary source) is generally acceptable within academic writing as long as these citations are kept to a minimum. You should use a secondary source only if you are unable to find or retrieve the original source of information.
What are examples of a secondary source?
Examples of secondary sources include:journal articles that comment on or analyse research.textbooks.dictionaries and encyclopaedias.books that interpret, analyse.political commentary.biographies.dissertations.newspaper editorial/opinion pieces.
What is an example of a tertiary source?
Examples of tertiary sources include: textbooks (sometimes considered as secondary sources) dictionaries and encyclopedias. manuals, guidebooks, directories, almanacs.
What is a difference between a primary and secondary source?
Primary sources can be described as those sources that are closest to the origin of the information. Secondary sources often use generalizations, analysis, interpretation, and synthesis of primary sources. Examples of secondary sources include textbooks, articles, and reference books.
What classifies as a historical source?
Historical sources include documents, artifacts, archaeological sites, features. oral transmissions, stone inscriptions, paintings, recorded sounds, images (photographs, motion pictures), and oral history. Even ancient relics and ruins, broadly speaking, are historical sources.