What is the origin of Sanskrit Theatre?

Sanskrit theatre developed around the second century CE by the early playwright Asvaghosa, a Buddhist monk, and later, circa third or fourth century CE, by Bhasa, who helped define the themes, aesthetics, and formulas that would shape Sanskrit theatre.

When was Sanskrit drama created?

The origin of dramatic performance in the Indian subcontinent can be traced back to as early as 200 BCE. Its drama is regarded as the highest achievement of Sanskrit literature. Buddhist philosopher Asvaghosa, who composed Buddhacarita, is considered to have been the first Sanskrit dramatist.

What is the earliest form of drama?

The earliest origins of drama are to be found in Athens where ancient hymns, called dithyrambs, were sung in honor of the god Dionysus. These hymns were later adapted for choral processions in which participants would dress up in costumes and masks.

What is drama called in Sanskrit?


dramatic play नाटकम्
dramatics नाट्यम्
dramatis personae नटः
dramatist नाटककर्ता

Who is the father of Sanskrit drama?

Bhāsa, (born 3rd century ad, India), the earliest known Sanskrit dramatist, many of whose complete plays have been found.

What is the main theme of most Sanskrit dramas?

The foremost drama genre centred on the character of a noble hero. These “heroic dramas”, often with plots derived from tradition, are called natakas. Another important type of drama is a kind of social play dealing with various kinds of human relationships.

Who is the father of Indian English drama?

English Drama in India was started by Krishna Mohan Banerji with his work The Persecuted (1837). It was a social play dealing with the conflicts between East and West. The real beginning of the English Drama in India was with Is This Called Civilization by Michael Madhu Sudan Dutt in 1871.

How many types of Sanskrit drama are there?

They include full-length poetic love stories, political plays and palace intrigues, as well as shorter farces and one-act love monologues. The foremost drama genre centred on the character of a noble hero. These “heroic dramas”, often with plots derived from tradition, are called natakas.

What are the types of Sanskrit drama?

What is Prastavana in Sanskrit drama?

Introduction. A classical Sanskrit play invariably opens with the so-called prastävanä, a scene in which the sûtradhâra, or the director of the troupe of actors, announces the play.

Which is the only ancient Sanskrit Drama Theatre in India?

Sanskrit plays were very popular and were staged in ancient times all over India. Now the only surviving ancient Sanskrit drama theatre is Koodiyattam, which is preserved in Kerala by the Chakyar community.

Who are the heroes of ancient Sanskrit drama?

The heroes of Sanskrit drama achieve their goals, practically every time. Ancient Indian playwrights and audiences recognized a number of genres within Sanskrit theatre, but for the most part, we can organize them into two categories.

Who is the founder of Drama in India?

Sanskrit drama is part of Sanskrit literature, the classical literature of India, which flourished from about 1500 BC to about AD 1100. The earliest extant critical work on Sanskrit drama is attributed to Bharata, the legendary formulator of the dramatic art in India. That work, the Na ya-sastra (c.2d cent.

Which is a peculiarity of the Hindu drama?

One very special peculiarity of the Hindu drama is that women, and persons of inferior rank, station, or caste are introduced as speaking the Prakrit or vulgarised Sanskrit, while the language of the higher and more educated classes is the classical Sanskrit of the present type.