What is Polydioxanone suture?

Polydioxanone (PDS II) is a synthetic, absorbable, monofilament suture made from a polymer of paradioxanone (Figure 2). It has greater initial tensile strength than polyglycolic acid and polyglactin 910 but has the poorest knot security of all the synthetic absorbable sutures.

What is tensile strength of suture?

Tensile strength is a measure of the time it takes for suturing material to lose 70% to 80% of its initial strength. Initial tensile strength is a measure of the amount of tension applied in a horizontal plane necessary to break the suturing material [10].

Is PDS natural or synthetic?

5 Polydioxanone (PDS II, PDS Plus Antibacterial) Polydioxanone is a synthetic, absorbable, monofilament suture made from polymer of paradioxanone (Fig.

What is Polyglyconate suture?

A polyglyconate copolymer suture (Maxon, Davis & Geck, Gosport, UK) has undergone trial. It is a monofilament absorbable suture. It has a low coefficient of friction, very low tissue drag and is stronger (straight pull and knot strength) than corresponding gauges of braided synthetic absorbable sutures.

Is Polydioxanone safe?

Polydioxanone sutures and meshes/plates had low rates of surgical site infection, inflammatory reaction, foreign body response and postoperative fever. Polydioxanone clips/staples reported high rates of surgical site infection, postoperative fever and pain, with sub-optimal clinical performance and poor safety rates.

What is the tensile strength of human skin?

The purpose for this was to recognise the significance that location and orientation have on the mechanical properties of human skin. The mean ultimate tensile strength (UTS) was 27.2±9.3MPa, the mean strain energy was 4.9±1.5MJ/m3, the mean elastic modulus was 98.97±97MPa and the mean failure strain was 25.45±5.07%.

Is polydioxanone safe?

What is Poliglecaprone suture?

Poliglecaprone suture is monofilament synthetic absorbable suture which is a copolymer of glycolide and caprolactone. Petcryl Mono has low tissue reactivity and maintains 50 to 60% in-vivo tensile strength at 7 days and 20 to 30% at 14 days. Total absorption in tissues takes around 90 to 120 days.

What is Polyglyconate used for?

After the initial trial, monofilament polyglyconate sutures were used in all wound closures, esophageal and intestinal anastomoses, and bronchial closures. One hundred patients were randomly selected for a detailed review of wound healing from 6 weeks to 6 months after the operation.

When does polydioxanone lose its tensile strength?

It retains 70% of its original tensile strength at 2 weeks, 50% at 4 weeks, and 25% at 6 weeks. Absorption is negligible until the 90th postoperative day, and complete resorption takes approximately 6 months. Therefore, this suture may be useful in wounds under higher tension or wounds that require prolonged dermal support.

How big are the polydioxanone PDS sutures?

PDS sutures also cause minimal tissue reaction. Polydioxanone suture is available in violet colour. Polydioxanone suture is a synthetic, monofilament absorbable suture. Polydioxanone sutures are available from U.S.P. size 2 to size 6-0. Sutures are available in violet colour.

What are the chemical properties of polydioxanone polymer?

It is a colorless, crystalline, biodegradable synthetic polymer. Chemically, polydioxanone is a polymer of multiple repeating ether-ester units. It is characterized by a glass transition temperature in the range of − 10 and 0 °C and a crystallinity of about 55%.

Which is better for wound support polydioxanone or duracryl?

Polydioxanone suture is made from polymerizing para dioxanone monomer. PDS sutures provide wound support for longer periods up to 50 days and offers far superior tensile strength and outstanding pliability. Its monofilament structure provides good handling properties and excellent knot security.