What are the top 3 risk factors for heart disease?

Several health conditions, your lifestyle, and your age and family history can increase your risk for heart disease. These are called risk factors. About half of all Americans (47%) have at least 1 of 3 key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking.

Is 10 cigarettes a day a lot?

Those who consistently averaged less than one cigarette per day over their lifetime had nine times the risk of dying from lung cancer than never smokers. Among people who smoked between one and 10 cigarettes per day, the risk of dying from lung cancer was nearly 12 times higher than that of never smokers.

Who is at highest risk for heart disease?

Men have a greater risk of heart attack than women do, and men have attacks earlier in life. Even after women reach the age of menopause, when women’s death rate from heart disease increases, women’s risk for heart attack is less than that for men.

What is the root cause of heart disease?

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is usually caused by a build-up of fatty deposits (atheroma) on the walls of the arteries around the heart (coronary arteries). The build-up of atheroma makes the arteries narrower, restricting the flow of blood to the heart muscle. This process is called atherosclerosis.

How does a pack year relate to COPD?

Pack years are also factored in when looking at the risk of smoking-related cardiovascular disease and COPD, though again, it is just one of several factors that are considered.

Is there a link between lung cancer and pack years?

There is also some controversy that the duration of smoking, in and of itself, may be an important factor to look at—especially in determining lung cancer risk. Associating risk with pack years also ignores the fact that lung cancer also occurs in never-smokers.

When does your risk for heart disease increase?

Your risk for heart disease increases as you age, regardless of your other risk factors. The risk increases for men after the age of 45 and for women after the age of 55, or after menopause.

When to use a heart disease risk calculator?

Use the heart disease risk calculator to find out your risk of cardiovascular disease. This heart disease risk assessment is most accurate for people between ages 20 and 74. For people younger than 20 or older than 74, the presence of two or more cardiovascular risk factors suggests a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.