How do I indent C in Vim?

The method to format a block of C/C++ or Java code:

  1. First, go to the start point of codes to be formatted, then press v to start selection.
  2. Second, go to the end point.
  3. Third, press = to format the codes that have been selected. All braces and indentations will be aligned.

Does Vim have auto indent?

Vim has an extremely powerful and flexible automatic indent option, indentexpr. Indentation may seem like an insignificant step when coding, but Vim makes it automatic with its indent option, indentexpr. This will save you time having to TAB to the right indentation on every line of code.

How indent all Vim?

Just go to visual mode in vim , and select from up to down lines after selecting just press = , All the selected line will be indented.

How do you indent in C?

To cause indent to write to standard output, use the -st option. This is only allowed when there is only one input file, or when the standard input is used. If no input files are named, the standard input is read for input. Also, if a filename named – is specified, then the standard input is read.

How do I indent a shell script in vi?

To automatically indent lines using the vi editor, set the autoindent flag:

  1. If you are currently in insert or append mode, press Esc .
  2. Press : (the colon). The cursor should reappear at the lower left corner of the screen beside a colon prompt.
  3. Enter the following command: set autoindent.

Does indent matter in C?

Both C and C++ are not affected by whitespace in their interpretation of the code. That does not mean the programmer should not care about it’s mis-use.

Why do we indent code in C?

Indentation improves the readability of the code. It is mainly used for code inside looping statements, control structures, functions etc. Some programming languages like Python made indentation mandatory instead of using brackets, It makes code easy to read and understand.

Is there a way to indent source code in Vim?

The indent features of Vim are very helpful for indenting source code. This tip discusses settings that affect indentation. These settings mostly affect the automatic indentation which Vim inserts as you type, but also can be triggered manually with the = operator, so that you can easily Fix indentation in your buffer. For related information, see:

How to enable autoindent in Vim-Linux Digest?

To enable vim to load a plugin based on the file type that was detected, set the filetype plugin parameter in your vimrc: You may also need to enable loading of the indent file for the particular file type. Do that like this:

Do you have to set cindent for indentations in C?

When it comes to C and C++, file type based indentations automatically sets ‘cindent’, and for that reason, there is no need to set ‘cindent’ manually for such files. In these cases, the ‘cinwords’, ‘cinkeys’ and ‘cinoptions’ options still apply.

What’s the difference between smartindent and cindent in Vim?

‘smartindent’ automatically inserts one extra level of indentation in some cases, and works for C-like files. ‘cindent’ is more customizable, but also more strict when it comes to syntax. ‘smartindent’ and ‘cindent’ might interfere with file type based indentation, and should never be used in conjunction with it.