What is the process of making wine step by step?

How Red Wine is Made Step by Step

  1. Step 1: Harvest red wine grapes.
  2. Step 2: Prepare grapes for fermentation.
  3. Step 3: Yeast starts the wine fermentation.
  4. Step 4: Alcoholic fermentation.
  5. Step 5: Press the wine.
  6. Step 6: Malolactic fermentation (aka “second fermentation”)
  7. Step 7: Aging (aka “Elevage”)
  8. Step 8: Blending the wine.

How is white wine made step by step?

How White Wine is Made

  1. Step 1: Harvest the grapes.
  2. Step 2: Press the grapes.
  3. Step 3: Let the juice settle.
  4. Step 4: Add yeast to start the wine fermentation.
  5. Step 5: Alcoholic fermentation.
  6. Step 6: Malolactic fermentation (aka “second fermentation”)
  7. Step 7: Stir the “lees”
  8. Step 8: Make the blend.

How do I make plain red wine?


  1. Lightly crush grapes in a primary fermenting container.
  2. Dissolve sugar in water and add to crushed grapes (called must).
  3. Pour one pack of yeast into 2-3 ounces of water heated to 104 – 109 degrees F.
  4. Note that you can use bread yeast, but your wine might taste like cider.

What do I need to make my own wine?

How to Make Homemade Wine

  1. One 4-gallon food-grade-quality plastic bucket and lid to serve as the primary fermentation vat.
  2. Three 1-gallon glass jugs to use as secondary fermentation containers.
  3. A funnel that fits into the mouth of the glass bottles.
  4. Three airlocks (fermentation traps)

How long does it take to make wine?

Making wine is a long, slow process. It can take a full three years to get from the initial planting of a brand-new grapevine through the first harvest, and the first vintage might not be bottled for another two years after that. But when terroir and winemaking skill combine, the finished product is worth the wait.

How does the process of making wine begin?

It all starts with grapes on the vine: and it’s important that these are properly ripe. Not ripe enough, or too ripe, and the wine will suffer. The grapes as they are harvested contain the potential of the wine: you can make a bad wine from good grapes, but not a good wine from bad grapes. Teams of pickers head into the vineyard.

What does it take to make wine from grapes?

On the surface, winemaking looks simple enough: you gather grapes, throw them in a tank, and then wait. After some time has passed, “voila!” You have wine.

How long does it take to make dry wine?

This fermentation process continues until all the sugar is transformed into alcohol, resulting in the production of dry wine. If sweet wine is to be made, winemakers halt the process in between to prevent entire sugar from converting. The total fermentation process can take about a week to a month and even more.

How does a winemaker control the fermentation process?

While the wine is fermenting, carbon dioxide is released, which causes grape seeds and skins to rise to the surface. Some winemakers control this by punching down the “cap” three times a day. Other winemakers prefer to use “pump overs,” where juice from the bottom is gently poured over the top of the skins and seeds.