What is the difference between XLPE and PILC cable?

PILC MV power cables are insulated with mass impregnated paper insulation and XLPE MV power cables are insulated with cross linked polyethylene insulation. The paper insulation is currently impregnated with a non-draining compound.

What is PILC cable?

PILC (Paper Insulated, Lead Covered ) Cable is used in power transmission. Conductors are wrapped in oil impregnated paper which is surrounded by a lead jacket. This cable construction was common for underground power transmission but has largely been replaced by polymer insulated cabling in the last half century.

What tests are done for cable?

Given below are various kinds of tests that are conducted on cables:

  • Persulphate test (for copper)
  • Annealing test (for copper)
  • Tensile test (for Aluminium)
  • Wrapping test (for Aluminium)
  • Conductor resistance test (for all)
  • Test for thickness of insulation (for all)

How do you test HT cable?

Perform resistance measurements through bolted connections with a low-resistance ohmmeter, if applicable, in accordance with Section 1.1. Perform an insulation-resistance test individually on each conductor with all other conductors and shields grounded. Apply voltage in accordance with manufacturer’s published data.

What is the advantages of XLPE cable?

XLPE insulation performs at both high and low temperatures. Due to its structure, XLPE is extremely resistant to abrasion and other wear and tear. It also boasts resistance to high voltage electricity, chemicals, and other hazardous materials. Cross-linked polyethylene insulation is also a more affordable option.

What is waveform cable?

Waveform cables are XLPE insulated and PVC sheathed power cables used for the supply of LV electrical energy 600/1000V – cables are suitable for installations in the open air, in underground and water, indoor and in cable ducts. The concentric conductor is allowed for use as neutral, protective or earthed conductor.

What is XLPE cable?

XLPE cable means cross linked polyethylene insulated aluminium conductor armoured cable. Pure polyethylene is a thermoplastic material i.e. it becomes soft and plastic on heating and hard on cooling. Pure polyethylene is converted into thermosetting XLPE i.e. it sets permanently when heated.

What is the reason for testing installed cables?

Network cable testing provides a level of assurance that the installed cabling links provide the desired transmission capability to support the data communication desired by the users. Whether installing new cable, or troubleshooting existing cable, ethernet network cable testing plays an important role in the process.

Is standard for cable Hipot test?

The IEEE 400 standard does recommend DC hipot testing of field aged PILC cable types. VLF hipot test has the same advantages as DC hipot testers – they are relatively small and light weight. But unlike DC hipot testing, the IEEE standard does not caution that VLF hipot testing may not provide meaningful information.

What is a hipot test for cables?

Hipot testing involves applying an overvoltage to the cable system for a short duration to verify the dielectric integrity of the system (cable, splices, and terminations). In most cases hipot testing is applied as a pass/fail or go/no-go test.

How do you test 11kV cable?

Test on 11kV and 33kV Cables between Cores and Earth

  1. For three core belted cables, the test on any core shall be conducted between the core and lead sheath with the remaining two cores connected to earth.
  2. The test voltages and pass criteria shall be in accordance with the table below.

Are there any problems with a PILC cable?

The system works equally well when other types of non-linear materials are to be characterized. The three most commonly seen problems in PILC cables are partial discharge (cable itself and joints), moisture ingress, and thermal aging and resulting increase of moisture content (not dangerous by itself).

How long are XLPE and PilC power cables?

This offering applies to medium- and high-voltage shielded power cable (5-25 kV XLPE cables and 5-500 kV PILC cables) with a maximum length of 1.5 to two miles. The cables to be tested can be overhead, in cable trays, in duct bank, or buried.

How is general condition assessment of XLPE cable performed?

The diagnostic approach is based on extent of non-linearity of XLPE cable insulation. In performing a general condition assessment on XLPE cable, the dielectric spectroscopy technology shows the severity of water-trees in the insulation.

What’s the best way to splic PILC cable?

The most common methods of splicing PILC cable are: heat shrink tubing, cold shrink tubing or vacuum cast, silica sand filled thermal setting resin transition modules. Of these methods, each has its own benefits and drawbacks.