What is RIRS treatment?

RIRS or Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery is an endoscopic surgery performed to remove renal stones by reaching the kidney from the ureter. RIRS procedure uses a viewing tube called fibre optic endoscope and a laser fibre – Holmium – to treat the renal stones.

What does RIRS mean?

RIRS is a endoscopic surgery which allows to rich the kidney from the ureter. A flexible ureteroscope is used for these kind of procedure. Through this device a laser fiber (Holmium laser) is used to treat the stones.

What is the full form of RIRS surgery?

Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) performed using a flexible ureterorenoscope marked the beginning of a new era in urology. RIRS renders smaller kidney stones more accessible and upper urinary tract tumors treatable, using minimally invasive methods [1].

How do you perform RIRS?

In RIRS the scope is placed through the urethra (the urinary opening) into the bladder and then through the ureter into the urine-collecting part of the kidney. The scope thus is moved retrograde (up the urinary tract system) to within the kidney (intrarenal). RIRS may be done to remove a stone.

Is RIRS safe?

Conclusion: RIRS is an efficient and safe method for kidney stone treatment of the patients with previous history of open surgery, percutaneous nephrolithotomy and retrograde intrarenal surgery. It has a similar efficiency and safety for the patients who have undergone retrograde intrarenal surgery.

How long is RIRS procedure?

This surgery can take around 1 to 2 hours. This surgery is required for the patients that have kidney stones measuring 1.5cm in diameter. The patient needs to take proper rest for at least one day after the surgery.

Can RIRS be done under spinal Anaesthesia?

Objective: Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) involves a minimally invasive stone surgery, lending itself potential to combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA), although it is performed preferably under general anesthesia (GA).

What is the maximum size of kidney stone?

The smaller the kidney stone, the more likely it will pass on its own. If it is smaller than 5 mm (1/5 inch), there is a 90% chance it will pass without further intervention. If the stone is between 5 mm and 10 mm, the odds are 50%. If a stone is too large to pass on its own, several treatment options are available.

How is RIRs used in ureteroscopic surgery?

RIRS Techniques Upper tract Access: “ Optical” dilation with 9.5 Fr. rigid ureteroscope allowing one-stage procedure Simultaneous use of RIRS and SWL Simultaneous bilateral RIRS RIRS under local anesthesia in office setting 11.

How is RIRs used to remove kidney stones?

RIRS technique involves the urologist to perform stone fragmentation and removal by using laser inside the kidney without making an incision. In this procedure a flexible ureteroscope is passed in the body through natural urinary passage and all types of kidney stones can be removed without any pain or complication.

How does retrograde intrarenal surgery ( RIRs ) work?

Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) is a procedure to removal stone from kidney by using a fiberoptic endoscope. RIRS Surgery allows the surgeon to perform surgery inside the kidney without making an incision. The RIRS can be effective for difficult-to-treat cases, like Tumors, Patients with bleeding disorders and Stones in children.

Who is the leading expert in retrograde ureteroscopic surgery?

1. Retrograde Intrarenal Ureteroscopic Surgery (RIRS): a Step by Step Introduction Gerhard J. Fuchs, M.D., Dr. med., F.A.C.S. Professor of Urology, UCLA School of Medicine Vice Chair, Cedars Sinai Department of Surgery Medallion Chair in Minimally Invasive Urology Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Los Angeles, USA 2.