What is continental topography?

Continental landform, any conspicuous topographic feature on the largest land areas of the Earth. Familiar examples are mountains (including volcanic cones), plateaus, and valleys. The resulting topographic features tend to reflect both the tectonic and the denudational processes involved.

What is the topography of North America like?

The region’s islands and smaller islets are varied in their topography; some have relatively flat and sandy terrain while others are rugged, mountainous, and volcanic. The coral reefs and cays of the Caribbean Sea are among the most spectacular biomes in North America.

Where is a continental shelf usually found?

A continental shelf extends from the coastline of a continent to a drop-off point called the shelf break. From the break, the shelf descends toward the deep ocean floor in what is called the continental slope. Even though they are underwater, continental shelves are part of the continent.

What are all the continental landforms?

Continental and Oceanic Landforms
Description Continental Oceanic
Low land between hills or mountains Valley Rift
Deep valley with high steep sides Canyon Trench
An opening in the surface from which lava flows Volcano Seamount and Volcanic Islands

Who is the father of topography?

Field survey Work on one of the first topographic maps was begun in France by Giovanni Domenico Cassini, the great Italian astronomer.

What are the two major landforms?

Landforms are the physical features on the Earth’s surface. Mountains, Plateaus and Plains are some major landforms of the Earth.

What are the three parts of the continental margin?

The continental margins consist of three portions: (1) the continental shelf which has shallow water depths rarely deeper than 650 ft) and extends seaward from the shoreline to distances ranging from 12.3 miles to 249 miles, (2) the continental slope where the bottom drops off to depths of up to 3.1 miles, and (3) the …

What does topography mean?

Topography is the study of the shape and features of land surfaces. The topography of an area could refer to the surface shapes and features themselves, or a description (especially their depiction in maps). In modern usage, this involves generation of elevation data in digital form (DEM).

What is the continental slope of the North Atlantic?

Figure 1.2.2 Topography of the North Atlantic. Shallow continental shelf regions are shown in red, and the abyssal plain is shown in blue. Along the east coast of the United States the continental slope can be seen in green (Steven Earle, “Physical Geology”).

Where are most continental land masses on Earth?

Most continental land masses are in the northern hemisphere of Earth whereas the southern hemisphere is dominated by the marine environment. Earth’s Continents. (NASA image edited by GA)

Where are the coastal plain and continental shelf?

Map of eastern United States, showing locations of National Park Service sites along the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. The coastal plain and continental shelf mark the current transition from thick crust of North America to thin crust of the adjacent oceans.

Which is the best region for dynamic topography?

Residual and predicted fields show peak-to-peak amplitudes of roughly ±2 km and a dominant degree two pattern with high values for the Pacific Ocean, southern Africa, and the North Atlantic and low values for South America, western North America, and Eurasia.