What are underutilized vegetables?
The vegetable crops which are neither grown commercially on large scale nor traded widely may be termed as underutilized vegetable crops. The climate and soil of India are favourable for the production of different underutilized vegetables.
What are orphan crops?
Orphan crops are those that aren’t traded internationally, and therefore tend to get less attention in terms of research of agricultural training and extension. They’re typically grown in Africa, Asia, and/or South America and eaten as part of local diets.
Which of the following are considered underutilized fruit crops?
In India and its neighbouring countries, various native fruits, such as aonla, bael fruit (Aegle marmelos), jackfruit, jamun (Syzygium cuminii), karonda (Carissa congesta), Kokum (Garcinia indica) and phalsa (Grewia subinaequalis) are underutilized.
Which plant is also known as orphan crop?
Orphan crops are a diverse set of minor crops like tef, finger millet, yam, roots and tubers that tend to be regionally important but not traded around the world and receive no attention by research networks. They are largely grown and used locally by communities.
What are the roles of orphan crops in food security?
Orphan crops play a vital role in the food security and livelihood of resource-poor farmers and consumers in these countries. These initiatives which implement a variety of genetic and genomic tools targeted major constraints affecting productivity and/or nutritional quality of orphan crops.
What is a lost crop?
The domesticated forms of the lost crops are thought to be extinct. The lost crops include a small but diverse group of native grasses, seed plants, squashes and sunflowers — of which only the squashes and sunflowers are still cultivated.
What are underexploited foods?
Underutilized foods are defined as foods which are less available, less utilized or rarely used or region specific. They have the potential to contribute further to the mix of food sources than they currently do.
What is Ratooning in agriculture?
Ratooning is the agricultural practice of harvesting a monocot crop by cutting most of the above-ground portion but leaving the roots and the growing shoot apices intact so as to allow the plants to recover and produce a fresh crop in the next season.
Is maize still grown?
Maize is also used in making ethanol and other biofuels. Maize is widely cultivated throughout the world, and a greater weight of maize is produced each year than any other grain. In 2014, total world production was 1.04 billion tonnes….
What is the meaning of underutilized?
transitive verb. : to utilize less than fully or below the potential use.
What is main crop?
: a fruit or vegetable crop gathered in the prevailing season as distinguished from an early or late harvest.
Why are neglected crops underutilized in the world?
Reports of neglected and underutilized crops’ (NUS) potential remain mostly anecdotal with limited and often incoherent research available to support them. This has been attributed to lack of clear research goals, limited funding directed at NUS and journal apathy toward publishing work on NUS.
Are there any neglected or underutilized plant species?
Neglected & Underutilized Species Although thousands of edible plant species have been cultivated and collected by humans throughout history, modern agriculture is dominated by just three staples – rice, maize and wheat and handful of other commodity crops.
Which is an underutilized crop species in India?
(Barbada) a potential source of nutritious food: underutilized and neglected legume in India,” Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 147–153, 2010. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
What are five commonly used terms for Neglected crops?
The five (5) commonly used terms that were identified were; (i) underutilized crops, (ii) indigenous crops, (iii) traditional crops, (iv) neglected crops, and (v) orphan crops. This was based on common terminology identified in the initial study ( Mabhaudhi et al., 2017 ).