What is the morphology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa?

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, asporogenous, and monoflagellated bacterium. It has a pearlescent appearance and grape-like or tortilla-like odour. P. aeruginosa grows well at 25°C to 37°C, and its ability to grow at 42°C helps distinguish it from many other Pseudomonas species.

Can Pseudomonas be cultured?

Selective and differentiating media consisting of simple chemical components have been developed, both in solid and in liquid form, for culturing Pseudomonas aeruginosa from foodstuffs. These media work on the basic principle that Gram-negative bacteria can utilize ammonia as inorganic nitrogen source.

What is the gram reaction and morphology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa?

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative, rod-shaped, asporogenous, and monoflagellated bacterium that has an incredible nutritional versatility. It is a rod about 1-5 µm long and 0.5-1.0 µm wide.

How is Pseudomonas aeruginosa identified?

Conventional Pseudomonas aeruginosa detection methods are based on the biological characteristics of the bacterium under certain culture conditions, such as Gram-negative or Gram-positive status, or the activities of bacterial molecules such as oxidase, acetamidase, arginine dihydrolase, and pyocyanin.

How long does it take to culture Pseudomonas?

P. aeruginosa takes 16–24 hours to grow from streaking onto plates and in rich medium. Growth on minimal medium can take longer depending on nutrient sources provided and concentration of the carbon source.

What are the signs of Pseudomonas?

Pseudomonas Infection Symptoms

  • Ears: pain and discharge.
  • Skin: rash, which can include pimples filled with pus.
  • Eyes:pain, redness, swelling.
  • Bones or joints: joint pain and swelling; neck or back pain that lasts weeks.
  • Wounds: green pus or discharge that may have a fruity smell.
  • Digestive tract: headache, diarrhea.

What antibiotic is best for Pseudomonas?

Pseudomonas infection can be treated with a combination of an antipseudomonal beta-lactam (eg, penicillin or cephalosporin) and an aminoglycoside. Carbapenems (eg, imipenem, meropenem) with antipseudomonal quinolones may be used in conjunction with an aminoglycoside.

Can psuedomonas aeruginosa kill you?

The healthy amongst us have little to fear from Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria. But for some people the bacteria can be deadly. They can kill people in our hospitals within 24 hours of striking. They can also infect the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis, frequently contributing to an untimely death.

What is the best antibiotic for Pseudomonas?

Different types of antibiotics that might work for pseudomonas treatment include ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin and gentamicin. Imipenem, piperacillin-tazobactum and tobramycin are other antibiotics that might work as well.

What is the etiology of Pseudomonas?

Pseudomonas is a gram-negative rod that belongs to the family Pseudomonadaceae . More than half of all clinical isolates produce the blue-green pigment pyocyanin . Pseudomonas often has a characteristic sweet odor . These pathogens are widespread in nature, inhabiting soil, water, plants, and animals (including humans).

Does Pseudomonas aeruginosa have any common name at all?

Pseudomonas infection is caused by strains of bacteria found widely in the environment; the most common type causing infections in humans is called Pseudomonas aeruginosa.