What is Nonketotic hyperglycemia?
Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome (HHNS), also known as Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State (HHS) is a dangerous condition resulting from very high blood glucose levels. HHNS can affect both types of diabetics, yet it usually occurs amongst people with type 2 diabetes.
What causes honk?
Hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma is a dangerous condition brought on by very high blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes (above 33 mmol/L).
How can you tell the difference between HKA and HHS?
DKA usually evolves rapidly. In HHS, there is little or no ketoacidosis and the serum glucose concentration frequently exceeds 1000 mg/dL. HHS usually evolves over a period of several days. Overlap between DKA and HHS occurs in more than one-third of patients.
What causes hyperglycemic Nonketotic syndrome?
It’s often triggered by illness or infection. In diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome, your body tries to rid itself of the excess blood sugar by passing it into your urine. Left untreated, diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome can lead to life-threatening dehydration.
What are the symptoms of HHNS?
- Blood sugar level of 600 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or 33.3 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) or higher.
- Excessive thirst.
- Dry mouth.
- Increased urination.
- Warm, dry skin.
- Drowsiness, confusion.
Which is worse HHS or DKA?
Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) is one of two serious metabolic derangements that occur in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). It is a life-threatening emergency that, although less common than its counterpart, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), has a much higher mortality rate, reaching up to 5-10%.
Why is HHS more common in diabetes 2?
The condition most commonly occurs in people with type 2 diabetes. It’s often triggered by illness or infection. In diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome, your body tries to rid itself of the excess blood sugar by passing it into your urine.
Why do I have low blood sugar after eating?
In fasting hypoglycemia, a person gets low blood sugar if they haven’t eaten for a while. Reactive hypoglycemia is low blood sugar that occurs after eating, usually due to eating a meal high in carbohydrates. This causes the blood sugar to rise rapidly, which in some cases may stimulate excess secretion of insulin.
What are the symptoms of hypoglycaemia?
Symptoms of hypoglycemia vary among people. When blood sugar levels drop, symptoms can include. trembling, anxiety, palpitations (fast or pounding heartbeat), sweating, clammy skin, and. hunger.
What is a hypoglycemic stroke?
A hypoglycemic stroke refers to the stroke-like symptoms along with brain damage due to severe hypoglycemia.