What is meant by lichenometry?

In archaeology, palaeontology, and geomorphology, lichenometry is a geomorphic method of geochronologic dating that uses lichen growth to determine the age of exposed rock, based on a presumed specific rate of increase in radial size over time.

What is lichenometry dating?

ABSTRACT. Lichenometric dating (lichenometry) involves the use of lichen measurements to estimate the age of exposure of various substrata. Because of low radial growth rates and considerable longevity, species of the crustose lichen genus Rhizocarpon have been the most useful in lichenometry.

Where is lichenometry used?

Lichenometry has been used worldwide to date rock and boulder strewn surfaces. Bradwell and Armstrong (2007) identified a range of landforms that can be dated by lichenometry including river channels, flood deposits, lake shorelines, raised beaches, rock falls, debris flows and moraines.

What do you know about lichens?

Lichens are bizarre organisms and no two are alike. Lichens are a complex life form that is a symbiotic partnership of two separate organisms, a fungus and an alga. The dominant partner is the fungus, which gives the lichen the majority of its characteristics, from its thallus shape to its fruiting bodies.

How are lichens measured?

Find the total length of each lichen species, then divide each length by 30 (and multiply by 100) to get the percentage of the 30-cm stretch that was covered with each type of lichen.

Is lichen old?

Lichens may be long-lived, with some considered to be among the oldest living things. They are among the first living things to grow on fresh rock exposed after an event such as a landslide. The long life-span and slow and regular growth rate of some species can be used to date events (lichenometry).

Are lichens immortal?

Lichens are ancient worlds and might be immortal. Lichens are slow growing and can be extremely long-lived. Some lichens are considered to be among the oldest living things on earth. Lichens grow slowly, with some only adding around 0.5mm in diameter per year.

What are the importance of lichens?

Some species of lichens are regarded with the conversion of rocks into the soil, helps in the formation of soil, improving the quality of the soil and also by enriching the soil required for the plants’ growth. Lichens also plays an important role in the nitrogen cycle by fixing nitrogen from the atmosphere.