overview

In this, the following are explained.

• proper fraction: smaller than a whole and properly a fraction of a whole

• improper fraction: larger than a whole in fraction form

• mixed fraction: larger than a whole given as mix of a whole number and a fraction

mixing proper and improper

Consider the given figure. The colored part is the representation of a fraction and the gray part is shown only as a representation of the whole.

The fraction is $\frac{1}{4}$.

The fraction represented by the colored part in the given figure is $\frac{2}{4}$

The fraction represented by the colored part in the given figure is $\frac{6}{4}$

The picture represents the fraction $\frac{6}{4}$. Number of parts in the given fraction: $6$

Number of parts making a whole: $4$

The number of parts in the given fraction is greater than the number of parts making a whole.

The picture represents the fraction $\frac{6}{4}$. The $4$ parts of the given fraction is rearranged to make a whole and remaining $2$ parts are shown nearby. So, $\frac{6}{4}$ can be given as $1\frac{2}{4}$.

naming them

The picture represents three fractions

• Fraction given by green part: $\frac{1}{4}$

• Fraction given by purple parts : $\frac{6}{4}$

• Fraction given by orange parts : $1\frac{2}{4}$

The word "fraction" means "part of a whole".

• In the three given fractions, only $\frac{1}{4}$ is strictly part of whole. The value of the fraction is less than $1$, which is properly part of whole. Such fractions are called proper fractions.

• The fraction $\frac{6}{4}$ is greater than $1$, and is represented as numerator by denominator. Such fractions are called improper fractions.

• The fraction $1\frac{2}{4}$ is greater than $1$, and is represented as a whole number along with a fraction. Such fractions are called mixed fractions.

The word "proper" means: required or correct type. Proper fractions are fractions that are smaller than a whole and properly a fraction of a whole.

The word "improper" means: not of correct type. Improper fractions are fractions that are larger than a whole.

The word "mixed" means: consisting of different quantities or elements. Mixed fractions are fraction that have an integer count of whole and a proper fraction.

**Proper Fraction: **number of parts in the fraction (numerator) is less than the number of parts making a whole(denominator) given as numerator divided by denominator. Proper fractions are less than 1.

**Improper Fraction: **number of parts in the fraction (numerator) is greater than the number of parts making a whole(denominator) given as numerator by denominator. Improper fractions are greater than 1 given as numerator by denominator.

**Mixed Fraction: ** Specified as number of wholes with a fraction. Mixed fractions are greater than 1 and given as whole number followed by a numerator by denominator.

examples

What type of fraction is $\frac{3}{7}$?

The answer is 'proper fraction'.

What type of fraction is $\frac{17}{7}$?

The answer is 'improper fraction'.

What type of fraction is $2\frac{3}{7}$?

The answer is 'mixed fraction'.

What type of fraction is $7\frac{30}{35}$?

The answer is 'mixed fraction'.

summary

» Proper Fraction

→ fraction is smaller than the whole

→ eg: $\frac{2}{4}$

» Improper Fraction

→ fraction is larger than the whole

→ eg: $\frac{6}{4}$

» Mixed Fraction

→ a whole number and a fraction given together

→ eg: $1\frac{2}{4}$

Outline

The outline of material to learn "fractions" is as follows.

• * click here for detailed outline of Fractions *

→ __Part of whole__

→ __Dividing a group__

→ __Fractions as Directed numbers__

→ __Like and Unlike Fractions__

→ __Proper and Improper Fractions__

→ __Equivalent & Simplest form__

→ __Converting unlike and like Fractions__

→ __Simplest form of a Fraction__

→ __Comparing Fractions__

→ __Addition & Subtraction__

→ __Multiplication__

→ __Reciprocal__

→ __Division__

→ __Numerical Expressions with Fractions__

→ __PEMA / BOMA__