What happened in Ireland in 1920s?

The Irish War of Independence (Irish: Cogadh na Saoirse) or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought in Ireland from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army (IRA, the army of the Irish Republic) and British forces: the British Army, along with the quasi-military Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) and its …

What caused the Irish war of independence?

It began because of the 1916 Easter Rising. The Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) men who fought the British soldiers that day wanted Ireland to be its own country and wanted Britain to move its army out of Ireland. 82 IRB members were killed including 16 who were executed.

What ended the Irish revolution?

January 21, 1919 – July 11, 1921
Irish War of Independence/Periods

Who was the leader of the IRA in 1920?

IRA and the Anglo-Irish Treaty Despite the fact that Michael Collins – the de facto leader of the IRA – had negotiated the Treaty, many IRA officers were against it. Of the General Headquarters (GHQ) staff, nine members were in favour of the Treaty while four opposed it.

Is Ireland free of British rule?

Most of Ireland gained independence from Great Britain following the Anglo-Irish War as a Dominion called the Irish Free State in 1922, and became a fully independent republic following the passage of the Republic of Ireland Act in 1949.

What was the Irish Rebellion of 1916?

The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week in April 1916. Organised by a seven-man Military Council of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, the Rising began on Easter Monday, 24 April 1916 and lasted for six days.

Is the Irish IRA still active?

Several splinter groups have been formed as a result of splits within the IRA, including the Continuity IRA and the Real IRA, both of which are still active in the dissident Irish republican campaign. In addition 275–300 members of the IRA were killed during the conflict.

What did the Irish Volunteers do?

It was ostensibly formed in response to the formation of the Ulster Volunteers in 1912, and its declared primary aim was “to secure and maintain the rights and liberties common to the whole people of Ireland”.

When did the Irish gain independence from Britain?

View photos. On This Day: Ireland gains independence from Britain as Free State is born. DECEMBER 6, 1922: Most of Ireland gained independence from Britain on this day in 1922 following a brutal guerrilla war waged by the IRA against British forces and the police.

What is the Irish Revolution?

The Irish Revolution is an example of nonviolent strategies operating effectively, if more quietly, within an otherwise violent campaign, revealing how even seemingly successful violent movements may actually owe much of that success to overlooked nonviolent techniques operating behind the scenes.

What was the Irish independence movement?

Irish Home Rule movement, from 1870 to 1921. Proclamation of the Irish Republic . Irish War of Independence , a guerrilla war fought between the Irish Republican Army , under the Irish Republic , and the United Kingdom. Anglo-Irish Treaty, the treaty that brought the Irish War of Independence to a close.

What was the Irish Civil War?

Irish Civil War. The Irish Civil War (Irish: Cogadh Cathartha na hÉireann; 28 June 1922 – 24 May 1923) was a conflict that followed the Irish War of Independence and accompanied the establishment of the Irish Free State , an entity independent from the United Kingdom but within the British Empire.