How many prisoners died on the Burma railway?
The rail line was built along the Khwae Noi (Kwai) River valley to support the Japanese armed forces during the Burma Campaign. More than 12,000 Allied prisoners of war (POWs) and tens of thousands of forced labourers perished during its construction.
Does the River Kwai exist?
The destruction of the bridge as depicted in the film is also entirely fictional. In fact, two bridges were built: a temporary wooden bridge and a permanent steel/concrete bridge a few months later. Both bridges were used for two years, until they were destroyed by Allied bombing.
How did the prisoners of war build the Burma Railway?
The railway was to run 420 kilometres through rugged jungle. It was to be built by a captive labour force of about 60,000 Allied prisoners of war and 200,000 romusha, or Asian labourers. They built the track with hand tools and muscle power, working through the monsoon of 1943.
Who was involved in the Burma Campaign in World War 2?
Casualties and losses. The Burma campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was fought primarily by British Commonwealth, Chinese and United States forces against the forces of Imperial Japan, who were assisted to some degree by Thailand, the Burmese National Army and the Indian National Army.
Where did people die on the Burma Railway?
But after having visited The Bridge over the River Kwai, the Thailand-Burma Railway Museum, the War Cemetery and Hellfire Pass, Kanchanaburi has come to mean something else to us: a place where more than 100,000 people lost their lives building a railway that wasn’t theirs. December 1941, Japan starts its advance through Southeast Asia.
Who are the Asian laborers of the Burma railroad?
Asian Laborers, known in Japanese as romusha, consisted of people from Burma, Thailand, China, and Indonesia and ethnic communities such as the Tamil, Java, and Karen peoples. Due to its proximately to Thailand, the largest Romusha percentage came Burma and Malaysia (formerly Malaya) with estimates being 90,000 and 75,000 respectively.