Why is syndactyly autosomal dominant?

Syndactyly type V (Dowd type; fusion of 4/5 metacarpals) Type V syndactyly is inherited as an autosomal dominant entity, and it has been attributed to a missense mutation in homeodomain of HOXD13 in a Chinese family.

What genes cause syndactyly?

Syndactyly type 1 may be inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and is suspected to be caused by a gene mutation on the long (q) arm of chromosome 2 between 2q34 and 2q36. Treatment usually involves surgery to separate the digits.

What is syndactyly associated with?

Syndactyly is the most common congenital malformation of the limbs, with an incidence of 1 in 2000-3000 live births. [1, 2, 3] It is a failure of differentiation in which the fingers fail to separate into individual appendages. This separation usually occurs during the sixth and eighth weeks of embryologic development.

Why are babies born with syndactyly?

Some children who have had surgery experience “web creep” as they grow. This happens when scar tissue grows in the space between the fingers, making it look like syndactyly is coming back. Your child may need a second surgery if this happens. Web creep is more common when the digits are separated before age 1.

Is syndactyly autosomal dominant?

Most syndactyly types follow autosomal dominant inheritance, 25 but SD7 and SD9 are autosomal recessive, 1 and SD5 is X-linked recessive. Generally, autosomal dominant phenotypes are less severe with variable expressivity and incomplete penetrance.

What are the symptoms syndactyly?

The main symptom of syndactyly is webbed fingers or toes. The condition can range from minor webbing at the base of the digits to being joined by underlying bones. Patients may also notice that the affected fingers or toes do not move well.

Is syndactyly dominant or recessive?

Which is the autosomal dominant trait in syndactyly?

All five are inherited as autosomal dominant traits and are usually bilaterally symmetrical. Variability of expression is seen (100). Syndactyly type 1 (SD1, zygodactyly; OMIM 185900) is a cutaneous fusion of the third and fourth fingers and/or second and third toes.

How are the different types of syndactyly classified?

Presently, researchers classify the different types of syndactyly based on how severe the syndactyly is, which digits are involved, how the trait appears to run through families, and whether an underlying gene mutation has been identified. Using this system, nine different non-syndromic types of syndactyly have been defined. [1] [2]

How is syndactyly caused by genetic and environmental factors?

Syndactyly is caused by a mixture of genetic and environmental factors. In about 10-40% of individuals with syndactyly, there is a family history. [3] Syndactyly can run through families in many different ways, depending on the underlying cause.

Can a child be born with both polydactyly and syndacty?

Syndactyly and polydactyly may occur simultaneously when extra digits are fused in a condition known as polysyndactyly. Polydactyly and syndactyly are usually isolated conditions, meaning the child will have no other birth defects; however, both are also found in many complex and sometimes lethal groups of anomalies or syndromes.