What is the function of chloroplast in simple words?
Chloroplasts are plant cell organelles that convert light energy into relatively stable chemical energy via the photosynthetic process. By doing so, they sustain life on Earth. Chloroplasts also provide diverse metabolic activities for plant cells, including the synthesis of fatty acids, membrane lipids.
What is chloroplast short answer?
Chloroplast is a plastid (a cellular organelle) that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place. Chloroplasts are present in plants and some protists, converting solar energy to chemical energy in sugars.
What is the definition of chloroplast for kids?
Kids Definition of chloroplast : one of the tiny parts in a plant cell that contains chlorophyll and is the place where photosynthesis occurs.
What are the two main functions of chloroplasts?
The main role of chloroplasts is to conduct photosynthesis. They also carry out functions like fatty acid and amino acid synthesis.
What do chloroplasts contain?
In plants, photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts, which contain the chlorophyll. Chloroplasts are surrounded by a double membrane and contain a third inner membrane, called the thylakoid membrane, that forms long folds within the organelle.
What is chloroplast in one word?
The chloroplast is the place in a plant cell where photosynthesis happens. Chloroplast is the combination of two biological terms, plastid (an organelle in a plant cell), and chloros, which means green.
What are the parts and functions of the chloroplast?
The components of chloroplast participate in several regulatory functions of the cell as well as in photorespiration. Chloroplasts also provide diverse metabolic activities for plant cells, including the synthesis of fatty acids, membrane lipids, isoprenoids, tetrapyrroles, starch, and hormones.
What are two main functions chloroplasts?
Two main functions of chloroplast is to store food and to make glucose(food) through photosynthesis.
What do chloroplasts look like?
Chloroplasts are a type of plastid—a round, oval, or disk-shaped body that is involved in the synthesis and storage of foodstuffs. Chloroplasts are distinguished from other types of plastids by their green colour, which results from the presence of two pigments, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b.
Why do plants need chloroplasts?
Chloroplasts play a key role in the process of photosynthesis and convert light energy from the sun into chemical energy (carbohydrates) for the plant. Although not all cells in a plant contain chloroplasts, they are contained in all green parts of a plant.