Who made Polonnaruwa as capital?
History of Polonnaruwa Kingdom Polonnaruwa was the first declared capital city by King Vijayabahu, who defeated Chola invaders in 1070 to reunite the nation once more under a local leader.
Why is Polonnaruwa famous?
Polonnaruwa is the second largest city in North Central Province, but it is known as one of the cleanest and more beautiful cities in the country. The green environment, amazing ancient constructions, Parakrama Samudra (a huge lake built in 1200), and attractive tourist hotels and hospitable people, attract tourists.
What is the other name for Polonnaruwa?
The Cholas shifted the capital from Anuradhapura to Polonnaruwa and ruled for nearly 53 years. Polonnaruwa was named as Jananathapuram by the Cholas. King Vijayabahu I (or Kitti) eventually defeated the Cholas and re-established the Sinhalese monarchy.
Who is the first king of Anuradhapura?
King Pandukabhaya, the founder and first ruler of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, fixed village boundaries in the country and established an administration system by appointing village headmen.
Who ruled Polonnaruwa?
The Kingdom of Polonnaruwa was the second major Sinhalese kingdom of Sri Lanka. It lasted from 1055 under Vijayabahu I until 1212 under the rule of Lilavati….Polonnaruwa period.
|Statue of Parakramabahu I|
|Followed by||Transitional period|
|Monarch(s)||House of Vijayabahu House of Kalinga Lokissara Parakrama Pandyan II Kalinga Magha|
What is special in Polonnaruwa?
The top sightseeing places in Polonnaruwa are The Royal Palace of King Parakramabahu, Rankoth Vehera, Archaeological Museum, Polonnaruwa, Kiri Vihara, Polonnaruwa Vatadage, Nissanka Latha Mandapaya.
Who destroyed Anuradhapura?
Anuradhapura was sacked and taken by the Pandyan kings during the 9th century and then returned against payment of a ransom. The majority of the monuments were restored but the city never recovered after its destruction in AD 993 by King Chola Rajaraja I.
Which is the ancient city of Polonnaruwa Sri Lanka?
Kaduruwela area is the Polonnaruwa New Town and the other part of Polonnaruwa remains as the royal ancient city of the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa . The second most ancient of Sri Lanka ‘s kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first established by the Chola dynasty after their successful invasion of the country’s then capital, Anuradhapura, in the 10th century.
What kind of temple was built at Polonnaruwa?
Raja Raja Chola I built Vanavan Mahadevisvaram, a Shiva temple at Polonnaruwa named after his queen, which presently is known as Siva Devale. The temple among other contained Ganesha and Parvati statues of bronze. north and central parts of Sri Lanka was under this period ruled under Rajendra Chola I directly as a Chola province.
Which is the second most ancient city in Sri Lanka?
The second most ancient of Sri Lanka ‘s kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first established by the Chola dynasty after their successful invasion of the country’s then capital, Anuradhapura, in the 10th century. The Ancient City of Polonnaruwa has been declared a World Heritage Site.
Which is the largest school in Polonnaruwa District?
There are government institutions in a newly built area called “new town,” about 6 km away from the town and the main road. The largest school in the district, Polonnaruwa Royal Central College is situated at new town.