What are DNA-binding motifs in proteins?

The DNA binding proteins have a specific folding pattern which is made of repeated nucleotide sequences called as DNA binding motifs. These motifs permit the binding of DNA binding proteins such as transcription factors to the target sequence. It is composed of recognition region and stabilization region.

What are the 3 structural motifs in DNA binding proteins?

It has been observed that many known DNA-binding proteins have one of a small number of distinct structural motifs that play a key role in binding DNA (2). We focus on three motifs: the helix–turn–helix (HTH) motif, the helix–hairpin–helix (HhH) motif and the helix–loop–helix (HLH) motif.

Which protein motif is commonly found in DNA-binding domains?

Helix-Turn-Helix Motif
Helix-Turn-Helix Motif This is the most common DNA-binding motif in prokaryotes. The proteins bind as dimers. 16–20-bp long unique stretches of DNA with dyad symmetry bind the protein dimers via two symmetrically spaced helix-turn-helix motifs.

What do DNA motifs do?

Sequence motifs are short, recurring patterns in DNA that are presumed to have a biological function. Often they indicate sequence-specific binding sites for proteins such as nucleases and transcription factors (TF).

What type of protein is present in DNA?

Non-specific DNA-protein interactions Within chromosomes, DNA is held in complexes with structural proteins. These proteins organize the DNA into a compact structure called chromatin. In eukaryotes, this structure involves DNA binding to a complex of small basic proteins called histones.

What are structural motifs in proteins?

Protein motifs are small regions of protein three-dimensional structure or amino acid sequence shared among different proteins. They are recognizable regions of protein structure that may (or may not) be defined by a unique chemical or biological function.

What are the common DNA-binding motifs?

The common motifs include the helix-turn-helix, the homeodomain, the leucine zipper, the helix-loop-helix, and zinc fingers of several types. The precise amino acid sequence that is folded into a motif determines the particular DNA sequence that is recognized.

Which one of the following is not a DNA binding motif?

Which among the following is not a DNA-binding motif? Explanation: Homeobox is not a DNA-binding motif. The DNA sequence that encodes homeodomain is known as the homeobox. H-T-H, zinc fingers, and homeodomain are DNA-binding motifs.

What are examples of DNA-binding proteins?

The major DNA-binding proteins involved in these pathways are briefly described. Histone and high mobility group are two examples of DNA-binding proteins that do not belong to the three categories above and are briefly described.

Do proteins contain DNA?

Today, proteins are formed following instructions given by DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) which in turn is synthesized by specific enzymes that are proteins. DNA contains the genetic information of all living organisms. Proteins are large molecules made up by 20 small molecules called amino acids.

Which of the following is a major difference between different DNA-binding motifs?

Which of the following is a major difference between different DNA-binding motifs? They employ different mechanisms to position and stabilize a recognition alpha helix in the major groove of DNA.

How are motifs and motifs used in protein classification?

Motifs Motif is a region (a subsequence) of protein or DNA sequence that has a specific structure Motifs are candidates for functionally important sites Presence of a motif may be used as a base of protein classification

How is the leucine zipper motif related to DNA binding?

The Leucine Zipper Motif Mediates Both DNA Binding and Protein Dimerization. Usually, the portion of the protein responsible for dimerization is distinct from the portion that is responsible for DNA binding (see Figure 7-14 ). One motif, however, combines these two functions in an elegant and economical way.

How are genes regulated by proteins that bind to DNA?

Once isolated, the proteins were shown to bind to specific DNAsequences close to the genes that they regulate. The precise DNA sequences that they recognized were then determinedby a combination of classical genetics, DNA sequencing, and DNA-footprinting experiments (discussed in Chapter 8).

How is DNA deformation induced by protein binding?

DNA deformation induced by protein binding. The figure shows the changes of DNA structure, from the conventional double-helix (A) to a distorted form (B) observed when a well-studied gene regulatory protein (the bacteriophage 434 repressor, a close relative (more…)