What is paratyphoid?

Paratyphoid fever, also known simply as paratyphoid, is a bacterial infection caused by one of the three types of Salmonella enterica. Symptoms usually begin 6–30 days after exposure and are the same as those of typhoid fever. Often, a gradual onset of a high fever occurs over several days.

What is the difference between typhoid and paratyphoid?

Paratyphoid has a shorter incubation period but is clinically similar to typhoid. In the literature, paratyphoid is considered to be typically milder than typhoid and of shorter duration [3, 7] but it can on occasion be equally as severe as typhoid [10].

How do you treat paratyphoid?

Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever are treated with antibiotics. Resistance to antibiotics is increasing [PDF – 516 KB] in the bacteria that cause these diseases. When bacteria are resistant to antibiotics, the bacteria are not killed and their growth is not stopped when antibiotics are taken.

Can paratyphoid spread?

Transmission: Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers are usually spread when faeces or urine from an infected person contaminates something that is transferred to another person’s mouth. Contaminated water and food are the most common sources of infection. Flies may also spread the bacteria to food products.

Who typhoid Treatment Guidelines 2020?


  • Ciprofloxacin, 500 mg twice daily orally or 400 mg twice daily intravenously for 5–7 days (10–14 days for severe typhoid)
  • Azithromycin, 500 mg once daily orally for 7 days (for uncomplicated disease; not recommended for severe disease)
  • Ceftriaxone, 2 g once daily intravenously for 10–14 days for severe typhoid.

Is Typhoid contagious by touch?

You can get typhoid fever by eating food or drinking water that’s contaminated with feces. This often happens due to someone not washing their hands after going to the bathroom. You can also get typhoid fever through close contact with someone who has it.

What is incubation period for paratyphoid?

The incubation period for typhoid fever is typically 6 to 30 days, and 1 to 10 days for paratyphoid fever.

Which is the best dictionary definition of paratyphoid?

Definition of paratyphoid. (Entry 1 of 2) 1 : resembling typhoid fever. 2 : of or relating to paratyphoid or its causative organisms paratyphoid infection. paratyphoid. noun. Definition of paratyphoid (Entry 2 of 2) : a salmonellosis that resembles typhoid fever and is commonly contracted by eating contaminated food.

Which is the best definition of political terrorism?

The calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological.

How to prevent typhoid and paratyphoid fever?

Safe food and water precautions and frequent handwashing (especially before meals) are important in preventing typhoid and paratyphoid fever (see Chapter 2, Food & Water Precautions ).

How is paratyphoid spread from person to person?

Paratyphoid is caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica of the serotypes Paratyphi A, Paratyphi B, or Paratyphi C growing in the intestines and blood. They are usually spread by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with the feces of an infected person.