# Is Data Encryption Standard DES?

## Is Data Encryption Standard DES?

Data Encryption Standard (DES) is a symmetric block cipher that was once the US Government’s gold standard in methods it and others used to encrypt sensitive data. DES was succeeded by the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) when, in the face of adversaries’ more potent brute-force capability, DES was deprecated.

## What is data encryption standard and strength of DES?

Data encryption standard (DES) is a symmetric key block cipher algorithm. The algorithm is based on Feistel network. The algorithm uses a 56-bit key to encrypt data in 64-bit blocks. Concerns about the particular algorithm used. Concerns about the usage of key of size 56-bit.

How many types of data encryption standard DES are available?

The DES process involves encrypting 16 times. It can run in four different modes, encrypting blocks individually or making each cipher block dependent on all the previous blocks. Decryption is simply the inverse of encryption, following the same steps but reversing the order in which the keys are applied.

What is Data Encryption Standard DES stream cipher?

The data encryption standard (DES) is a symmetric block cipher. A stream cipher operates on a digital data stream one or more bits at a time. DES is a block cipher that operates on data blocks of 64 bits in size. DES uses a 64-bit key 8 × 8 including 1 bit for parity, so the actual key is 56 bits.

### Why DES encryption is not safe?

DES, the Data Encryption Standard, can no longer be considered secure. While no major flaws in its innards are known, it is fundamentally inadequate because its 56-bit key is too short. Of course this also applies to any other cipher with only a 56-bit key. …

### How do you use DES algorithm?

The DES algorithm uses the following steps:

1. Step 1: Create 16 subkeys, each of which is 48-bits long. The 64-bit key is permuted according to the following table, PC-1.
2. Step 2: Encode each 64-bit block of data. There is an initial permutation IP of the 64 bits of the message data M.

Why is DES not used?

DES, the Data Encryption Standard, can no longer be considered secure. While no major flaws in its innards are known, it is fundamentally inadequate because its 56-bit key is too short. In a recent ruling, a German court described DES as “out-of-date and not safe enough” and held a bank liable for using it.

What is the weakness of DES?

DES is weak against Brute force in this day and age. According to the wikipedia article, the cipher was standardized in 1977. Reading further, in the section about brute force attacks: In 1977, Diffie and Hellman proposed a machine costing an estimated US\$20 million which could find a DES key in a single day.

#### Which is the first step in DES algorithm?

In the first step, the 64 bit plain text block is handed over to an initial Permutation (IP) function. The initial permutation performed on plain text. Next the initial permutation (IP) produces two halves of the permuted block; says Left Plain Text (LPT) and Right Plain Text (RPT).